Ph.D., History, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, August 2015
Dissertation: “To Bring the Good News to All Nations: Evangelicals, Human Rights, and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1969-1994” (Director: Melvyn P. Leffler)
Comprehensive Examination Fields: United States History (Major Field); History of United States Foreign Relations (Special Field); The International Economy since 1850 (Minor Field)
M.A., History, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, December 2009
Thesis: “A New Strategy for Peace? Public Opposition to Détente during Nixon’s Era of Negotiation” (Advisor: Melvyn P. Leffler)
M.A., Museum Studies, New York University, New York, May 2007
Thesis: “Voices from the Battlefield: Revolutionary War Sites and the New Social History”
B.A., History, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, May 2005
Thesis: “America’s Defense Perimeter: The 1956 Federal-Aid Highway Act and The Cold War”
Correlate: Music Composition
Assistant Professor, Department of History, Trinity University, August 2015 – Present
To Bring the Good News to All Nations: Evangelicals, Human Rights, and U.S. Foreign Relations (under contract with Cornell University Press)
Peer Reviewed Journal Articles
“Ambassadors for the Kingdom of God or for America? Christian Nationalism, the Christian Right, and the Contra War,” Religions 7, no. 12 (December 2016): 151 (1-16).
“To Support a ‘Brother in Christ’: Evangelical Groups and U.S.-Guatemalan Relations during the Ríos Montt Regime,” Diplomatic History 39, no. 4 (September 2015): 689-719.
“Religious Rhetoric and the Evolution of George W. Bush’s Political Philosophy,” Journal of American Studies 48, no. 4 (November 2014): 975-998.
“Between Values and Action: Religious Rhetoric, Human Rights, and Reagan’s Foreign Policy,” in William Inboden, Jonathan Hunt, and Simon Miles, eds. The Reagan Moment: America and the World in the 1980s (under contract with Cornell University Press).
“Defending the Unreached and Unknown: American Evangelicals and International Religious Liberty,” in Ari Helo and Mikko Saikku, eds. American Attitudes to the Unfamiliar: Articles on American Studies (under contract with Helsinki University Press).
“Religious History Objects in Museums,” in Gretchen Buggeln, Crispin Paine, and S. Brent Plate, eds. Religion in Museums: Today and Tomorrow (London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2017).
“An Outpouring of the Spirit: A Historiography of Recent works on Religion and U.S. Foreign Relations,” Passport: The Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations Review 48, no. 2 (September 2017): 25-31.
“Building a Brighter Future,” Passport: The Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations Review 46, no. 2 (September 2015): 28-29 (with Amanda Demmer).
“‘Red’s Dream’ and the Cuban Missile Crisis,” in Voices & Visions (October 2018).
“Race and Protestantism in America,” in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion in America, edited by John Corrigan and Edward Blum. Oxford University Press. (November 2017).
“Jackie Doll and the Pickled Peppers – When they Drop the Atomic Bomb,” in Voices & Visions (June 2017).
Review of Michael Cangemi, “Ambassador Frank Ortiz and Guatemala’s ‘Killer President,’ 1976–1980,” Diplomatic History 42, no. 4 (September 2018). H-Diplo Article Review (26 March 2019).
Review of North American Churches and the Cold War, edited by Paul Mojzes. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2018. Reading Religion. (20 March 2019).
Review of These Truths: A History of the United States, by Jill Lepore. NY: W. W. Norton & Company, 2018. The University Bookman (24 February 2019).
Review of From Selma to Moscow: How Human Rights Activists Transformed U.S. Foreign Policy, by Sarah B. Snyder. NY: Columbia University Press, 2018. H-Diplo 20, no. 8 (22 October 2018).
Review of For God and Globe: Christian Internationalism in the United States between the Great War and the Cold War, by Michael G. Thompson. Journal of Politics, Religion and Ideology 18, no. 4 (December 2017).
Review of A Peaceful Conquest: Woodrow Wilson, Religion, and the New World Order, by Cara Lea Burnidge. The Montréal Review (August 2017).
“Domestic Publics and Twentieth Century U.S. Foreign Relations,” Reviews in American History 45, no. 1 (March 2017): 151-58.
Review of Democracy Promotion, National Security and Strategy: Foreign Policy Under the Reagan Administration, by Robert Pee. H-Diplo, ISSF Roundtable 8, no. 14 (24 May 2016).
Review of Evangelicals and American Foreign Policy, by Mark R. Amstutz. Politics and Religion 6, no. 4 (December 2013): 881-884.
FELLOWSHIPS, GRANTS, AND AWARDS
Mellon Institute Fellowship (summer research institute with undergraduates at Trinity
Hugh Davis Graham Award, Institute for Political History, 2016
Summer Research Stipend, Trinity University, 2016
Fellow, The “Tocqueville Oscillation”: The Intersection of Domestic Politics and Foreign Policy Summer Institute, Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations, 2015
Postdoctoral Fellowship in International Security and U.S. Foreign Policy, Dickey Center for International Understanding, Dartmouth College, 2015 (Declined)
Postdoctoral Fellowship, The Center for Presidential History, Southern Methodist University, 2015 (Declined)
Dissertation Completion Fellowship, John C. Danforth Center on Religion and Politics, Washington University, 2014-2015
Doctoral Fellowship, Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture, University of Virginia, 2013-2014
Robert J. Huskey Travel Fellowship, University of Virginia, 2013, 2014
Summer Travel Grant, University of Virginia Corcoran Department of History, 2013
Torrey M. Johnson Research Grant, Billy Graham Center Archives, Wheaton, IL, 2013
Raven Society, University of Virginia, Inducted Spring 2013
Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation Fellowship, University of Virginia, 2012-2013
Fellow, The Institute of the Humanities and Global Cultures, University of Virginia, 2012-2013
Gelfand-Rappaport Dissertation Fellowship, Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations, 2012
The Albert J. Beveridge Grant for Research in the History of the Western Hemisphere, American Historical Association, 2012
The Buckner W. Clay Endowment for the Humanities Summer Research Grant, The Institute of the Humanities and Global Cultures, University of Virginia, 2012
Society of Fellows Summer Research Grant, University of Virginia Society of Fellows, 2012
Junior Fellow, Society of Fellows, University of Virginia, 2011-2012
Pre-Dissertation Travel Grant, University of Virginia Corcoran Department of History, 2010
Member, Golden Key International Honour Society, 2010
Clark Memorial Travel Fellowship, Vassar College History Department, 2004
Cold War Neighbors: North American Ideals and Visions of the Soviet Menace. 17th Biennial Maple Leaf & Eagle Conference, Helsinki, Finland, May 16-18, 2018.
Human Rights as a Language of Power in American Foreign Relations Roundtable, co-organized with Amanda Demmer. Organization of American Historians Annual meeting, New Orleans, LA, April 6-9, 2017.
Human Rights and U.S. Foreign Policy in the Reagan Years, co-organized with Simon Miles. The Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations annual conference, San Diego, CA, June 23-25, 2016.
Beyond the Cold War: American Non-State Actors, Democratization, and the Soviet Transformation, co-organized with Katherine Geoghegan, The Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations annual conference, Lexington, KY, June 19-21, 2015.
Defining American Religion in a Global Age Roundtable, to be presented at the Organization of American Historians annual meeting, Washington, D.C., April 2-5, 2020.
Earthquakes, Famines, and Hurricanes: Natural Disasters and Humanitarian Aid in Pentecostal Missionary Strategy, to be presented at the Church History Library Missions Symposium, Salt Lake City, UT, November 7-8, 2019.
Spiritual Conquest: Evangelical Internationalism and U.S.-Central American Relations in the Reagan Era, to be presented at the “Religion in American Politics and Diplomacy” seminar at the American Studies Foundation International Forum for Young Scholars, Chuo University Surugadai Memorial Hall, Tokyo, Japan, July 20-21, 2019.
The Kingdom of God and the Borders of American Diplomacy Roundtable, to be presented at the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations annual conference, Arlington, VA, June 20-22, 2019.
Religion Matters Roundtable, to be presented at the Remaking American Political History Conference, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, June 6-7, 2019.
“Airwave Internationalism: Missionary Radio and Global Evangelical Activism,” the American Historical Association annual meeting, Chicago, IL, January 3-6, 2019.
“Partnership or Paternalism? American Evangelical Missionaries Reckon with the Rise of Indigenous Churches,” the American Society of Church History winter meeting, Chicago, IL, January 3-6, 2019.
Six Shooters: A Digital Frontiers Lightning Round, the Western History Association annual conference, San Antonio, TX, October 17-20, 2018.
“Evangelical Empire: Christian Nationalism and U.S. Foreign Policy in a Post-Colonial World,” Global Faith and Worldly Power: Evangelical Encounters with American Empire international colloquium, Obama Institute for Transnational American Studies, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany, October 11-14, 2018.
Transnational Approaches to Evangelicalism and Foreign Policy Roundtable, Global Faith and Worldly Power: Evangelical Encounters with American Empire international colloquium, Obama Institute for Transnational American Studies, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany, October 11-14, 2018.
New Perspectives on American Internationalism Roundtable, Conference on Faith & History biennial meeting, Grand Rapids, MI, October 4-6, 2018.
“The “Voice of Salvation”: Missionary Radio as Spiritual Warfare behind the Iron and Bamboo Curtains.” The Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations annual conference, Philadelphia, PA, June 21-23, 2018.
“To Free Georgi Vins: U.S.-Canadian Baptists and the Fight for International Religious Liberty.” The 17th Biennial Maple Leaf & Eagle Conference, Helsinki, Finland, May 16-18, 2018.
Author/Manuscript Presenter, Lone Star National Security Forum, College Station, TX, April 20-22, 2018.
Museums and the Public Understanding of Religion: Sacred Art, History, and Science on Display Roundtable. The American Academy of Religion Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, November 18-21, 2017.
Annuit Coeptis: Forms of Civil Religion in the Midst of Crisis, 1953–2012 Roundtable. Society for U.S. Intellectual History annual conference, Dallas, TX, October 26-29, 2017.
Human Rights as a Language of Power in American Foreign Relations Roundtable. Organization of American Historians Annual meeting, New Orleans, LA, April 6-9, 2017.
“Between Values and Action: Religious Rhetoric, Human Rights, and Reagan’s Foreign Policy.” “Above and Beyond the Cold War: Ronald Reagan and the Transformation of Global Politics in the 1980s” conference, Clements Center for National Security, Austin, TX, January 19-21, 2017. [Click here for video of the presentation].
“Sanctioning Apartheid: The Reagan Administration, the Religious Right, and the Challenge of U.S.–South African Relations.” The Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations annual conference, San Diego, CA, June 23-25, 2016.
“Evangelical Foreign Policy Lobbying and the Rhetoric of Religious Freedom during the Reagan Administration.” Policy History Conference, Nashville, TN, June 1-4, 2016.
Christian Nationalism in American History Roundtable. The Society for U.S. Intellectual History annual conference, Washington, D.C., October 15-18, 2015.
“Salvation for the Suffering Church: Transnational Evangelical Activism and the Fight for Religious Liberty in the Socialist Republic of Romania.” The Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations annual conference, Arlington, VA, June 25-27, 2015.
“’Project Christian Bridge’: U.S. Evangelical Groups and Religious Change in the Commonwealth of Independent States.” The Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations 2014 Annual Meeting, Lexington, KY. June 19-21, 2014. Panel co-organizer.
“To Support a ‘Brother in Christ’: Evangelical Groups and U.S.-Guatemalan Relations during the Ríos Montt Regime.” Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations 2013 Annual Meeting, Arlington, VA. June 20-22, 2013.
“Demarcating Human Dignity: Christian Interest Groups, Human Rights Discourse, and Human Rights Policy in the Reagan Era.” 4th Roger Williams University Conference on Religion and the State, Roger Williams University, Bristol, RI. April 12-14, 2013.
“Kingdom or Empire? Billy Graham, the Congress on World Evangelization and the Theological Politics of Christian Missions in the 1970s.” Annual Harvard Graduate Student Conference on International History (ConIH), Cambridge, Massachusetts. March 8-9, 2012.
“Kingdom or Empire? Billy Graham, the Congress on World Evangelization and the Theological Politics of Christian Missions in the 1970s.” Northeastern University Annual Graduate History Conference, “Empires and Technologies in World History,” Boston, Massachusetts. March 24-25, 2012.
Panels as Chair or Commentator
Commentator, Loving Thy Good Neighbor: Faith in American Foreign Relations from the Great War through the Cold War (1920-1960), to be presented at the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations annual conference, Arlington, VA, June 20-22, 2019.
Chair/Commentator, New Directions in Social Christianity and American Global Consciousness, the American Society of Church History winter meeting, Chicago, IL, January 3-6, 2019.
Chair, Contesting Memory in Literature and Law, Society for U.S. Intellectual History annual conference, Dallas, TX October 26-29,2017.
“History and Historicity in The Man in the High Castle,” First Year Experience Common Learning Experience lecture, Trinity University, September 27, 2018.
“History and Historicity in The Man in the High Castle,” First Year Experience Common Learning Experience lecture, Trinity University, September 28, 2017.
“Apartheid Showdown: Christian Left, Christian Right, and the Battle over U.S.-South African Relations,” Faculty Research Dinner, Trinity University, October 11, 2016.
“Science Fiction in Historical Context,” First Year Experience Common Learning Experience lecture, Trinity University, October 6, 2016.
“To Support a ‘Brother in Christ’: Evangelical Groups and U.S.-Guatemalan Relations during the Ríos Montt Regime,” Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture, University of Virginia, April 25, 2015.
Keynote Lecture, Protest América: International Political Unrest in 1968, Evening for Educators Workshop, McNay Art Museum, San Antonio, TX, October 18, 2018.
The World of 1968: Culture, Counterculture, and Reaction, Docent Continuing Education Workshop, McNay Art Museum, San Antonio, TX, September 26, 2018.
Keynote Lecture, “The World of 1968: Culture, Counterculture, and Reaction,” ¡Viva la Revolución! Summer Teacher Institute, McNay Art Museum, San Antonio, TX, July 10, 2018.
“Race, Religion, and the Civil Rights Movement,” The SoL Center at University Presbyterian Church, San Antonio, TX, April 10, 2018
“The Story of Things: What Art Can Tell Us About the Past,” Circa 1900 Educator Workshop, McNay Art Museum, San Antonio, TX, January 14, 2017.
Assistant Professor, Trinity University
HIST 1361: United States History Since Reconstruction
FYE 1600: Science Fiction
HIST 3468: Public History, Memory, and Interpretation
HIST 3469: U.S. Foreign Relations
HIST 3-94: Public History Internship
HIST 4460: Religion and Politics in American History
Instructor, University of Virginia
HIUS 2002: American History Since 1865 (Summer 2014)
HIUS 4501: Religion and U.S. Foreign Relations in the Twentieth Century (Spring 2013)
Teaching Assistant, University of Virginia
Genocide: Professor Jeffrey Rossman (Fall 2011, 3 sections)
Politics of Health Care in America: Professor Guian McKee (Spring 2011, 3 sections)
U.S.–Latin American Relations in the 20th Century: Professor Gerald Haines (Fall 2010, 3 sections)
Shaping the Modern World, 1944 – 1991: Professor Philip Zelikow (Spring 2010, 3 sections)
United States Society and Politics, 1945 – 2008: Professor Jennifer Burns (Fall 2009, 3 sections)
Guest Lecture, “The Iran Hostage Crisis,” 11 November 2009
Grader, University of Virginia
History of Women in America, 1865 – Present: Lecturer Allison Elias (Spring 2010)
Non-Residential Fellow, Stanford Law School Center for Internet and Society, October 2014 – August 2015
Conducted research, wrote grant proposals and policy briefs, edited opinion essays, created Faithful Internet website, and organized stakeholders around the issue of network neutrality
Director of the Project for Technology in History Education, University of Virginia, January 2012 –May 2013
Developed instructional technologies for history department faculty and students, designed research databases as well as course and professional websites for faculty, maintained department website
MUSEUM AND PUBLIC HISTORY EXPERIENCE
Faculty Mentor, 2019 Mellon Institute, Trinity University, San Antonio, TX
Will co-direct a team of four undergraduate students to develop and fabricate the exhibit 150 Years of Experiential Learning at Trinity during the summer of 2019. This will include training the students in public history and oral history methods, overseeing their archival research and oral history interviews, and managing the creation of a physical and a digital exhibit. The project will also entail creating marketing materials and coordinating visitor experience surveys.
Consultant, Miller Center of Public Affairs, UVa, Charlottesville, VA June 2011 – August 2011
Developed and designed an interactive touchscreen kiosk program that acquaints visitors with the scholarship produced by Miller Center faculty and their associates.
Interim Director, Institute for Public History, UVa, Charlottesville, VA September 2010 – August 2011
Updated and expanded the Institute for Public History website, increased Institute’s visibility on campus using social networking tools, coordinated the IPH Summer Internship program, cultivated relationships with new host organizations to create five additional paid summer internships, advertised available positions, processed applications, oversaw intern selection process, organized interviews, arranged placements for 18 interns, ran orientation meeting, monitored interns, conducted site visits, and processed final reports and evaluations from interns and host institutions.
Institute for Public History Intern, Scottsville Museum, Scottsville, VA, June 2009 – August 2009
Developed and designed Where the River Bends: Scottsville and the James exhibit, April 2010 – present, conducted and recorded oral history interviews
Content Developer and Coordinator, Ralph Appelbaum Associates, Inc., New York, NY, 2006 – 2008
Developed exhibit content, preliminary script outline, and concept study for Blue Ridge Music Center. Created preliminary exhibit content, film treatments, narrative walkthroughs and concept studies for the American Revolution Center, Judah L. Magnes Museum, Los Angeles State Historic Park, and Lights of Liberty program. Developed Los Angeles State Historic Park Interpretive Vision booklet for Los Angeles State Historic Park. Managed graphic production and exhibit installation, wrote exhibit content, oversaw script editing, conducted image research and acquisition, and acted as liaison between client and fabricator for the Grand Teton National Park Craig Thomas Discovery and Visitor Center. Created and managed databases to coordinate archival NASA images and exhibit content for the Space Chase exhibit at the Adventure Science Center in Nashville, TN
Curatorial Intern, Hudson River Museum, Yonkers, NY, March 2006 – August 2006
Assisted curator with development of Guy Gillette: Photographs and Sylvia Sleigh: Invitation to a Voyage. Assisted registrar with deinstallation of Westchester: The American Suburb and installation of Got Cow? Cattle In American Art, 1820-2000
Curatorial/Collection Care Assistant, Wilderstein Preservation, Rhinebeck, NY, January 2004 – May 2005
Organized, inventoried, and re-housed archival materials, cataloged documents and objects, with digital images, using PastPerfect museum software, and worked on substantial conservation and preservation project of framed and cased photograph collection, which involved inventorying, cleaning, and re-housing 300 objects, as well as entering them into the electronic catalog with digital images
Museum Intern, Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library, Hyde Park, NY, June – August 2004 and February – May 2005
Researched and fabricated a temporary exhibit on the 1939 Royal Visit of the King and Queen of England to the United States, created a soundtrack from FSA audio recordings of migrant workers for
This Great Nation Will Endure, a gallery exhibit of photographs from the Great Depression, created two audio-visual displays using FSA “Man-on-the-Street” interviews taken in 1942 for Freedom from Fear: FDR, Commander in Chief, a gallery exhibit on World War II, assisted museum staff with preservation of 1932 campaign banner, accessioned and catalogued collection materials
Intern, Litchfield Historical Society, Litchfield, CT, June – August 2002
Inventoried and created finding aids for new collections, including the Red Cross Collection, designed
and helped install “American Art Pottery” display at the Oliver Wolcott Library
Mellon Graduate Teaching Seminar for Excellence in the Humanities, University of Virginia, 2012 – 2013
Certificate in Advanced Pedagogy in the Humanities. A year-long seminar focused on cross-disciplinary pedagogical training and teaching writing to undergraduates across the curriculum on the topic of “Writing Human Rights (and Wrongs).”
Member, Web committee, Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations, 2018-present
Member, Editorial board, Passport: The Newsletter of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations, 2018-present
Manuscript reviewer, Lexham Press, 2017
Manuscript reviewer, Routledge, 2016
Mentor, Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations annual meeting job workshop, 2016
Manuscript reviewer, Essays in History, 2010-2015
Alternate, Trinity University Hearing Committee, 2019-present
Member, Trinity University Roots Commission, 2018-present
Faculty Advisor, Secular Students Alliance, 2018-present
Member, History Department Communications Committee, 2017-present
Member, History Department Prize Committee, 2017-present
Member, History Department Search Committee and Interview Committee for early American history, Trinity University, 2017-present
Member, Mellon Steering Committee, 2016-present
Member, History Department Assessment Committee, 2016-present
Member, Digital Scholarship Coordinator Search Committee, Trinity University, 2017-2018
Member, Intercollegiate Athletics Committee, 2017-2018
Member, Editorial Team for the Expositor, Trinity University’s journal of undergraduate humanities research, 2016-2018
Presenter, Early Career Research Group panel for New Faculty Orientation, 2017
Member, University Search Committee for Chief Information Officer, 2017
Member, Valero Alamo Bowl Scholarship Decision Committee, 2017
Member, History Department Prize Committee, 2017
Member, History Department Phi Alpha Theta Committee, 2017
Presenter, “Nuclear Brinkmanship: Kennedy, Khrushchev, and the Cuban Missile Crisis,” Trinity in Focus, September 22, 2017
Presenter, “Using Omeka as a Platform for Collaborative Student Projects,” Collaborative for Learning and Teaching High Noon Luncheon, September 15, 2017 [Click here for video of the presentation]
Presenter, “Teaching and Technology” segment, New Faculty Orientation Workshop, August 15, 2017
Organizer and Moderator, “History Internship Workshop,” 16 November 2016
Member, Evaluation of Courses and Faculty Committee, 2016-2018
Member, History Department Search Committee and Interview Committee for Modern Chinese History, Trinity University, 2015-2016
Organizer and Moderator, “Religious Freedom And U.S. Foreign Policy: A Conversation On History, Theory, and Practice,” panel discussion, John C. Danforth Center on Religion and Politics, Washington University in St. Louis, March 2015
Fellowship Chair, Raven Society Council, 2013-2014
Facilitator, Diplomatic and International History Workshop, University of Virginia, 2012 – 2014
Graduate Advisory Board Member, Institute of the Humanities and Global Cultures, 2012 – 2013
Selection Committee Member, Institute for Public History Summer Internship Program, 2011 – 2013
Corcoran Department of History Representative, University of Virginia Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Council, 2010 – 2012
Moderator, “Treachery and the Nation” panel, 3rd Annual Graduate Student Conference, “Treachery and Traitors,” University of Virginia, April 2010.
Planning Committee, 3rd Annual Graduate Student Conference, “Treachery and Traitors,” University of Virginia, April 2010.
President, University of Virginia Graduate History Students Association, 2009 – 2010
Peer Writing Tutor, Vassar College, 2004
Volunteer Editor, Gulliver, Vassar College, 2004
History Major’s Committee, Vassar College, 2002 – 2004
Board member, Connect Institute, 2017-present
Faculty Advisory Committee member, Institute of Texan Cultures, 2017-present
Scholar Advisor, Circa 1900 6th Grade Curriculum Project, McNay Art Museum, San Antonio, Texas, 2016-2017
Expert Reviewer, Florida EOC U.S. History Assessment, Pearson, 2016-present
Panelist, “Otherness: A panel discussion on immigration, internment, detainment and the plight of ‘others’ in America,” San Antonio Central Public Library, San Antonio, Texas, October 27, 2015.
American Association for State and Local History
American Historical Association
American Society of Church History
National Council on Public History
Organization of American Historians
Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations
Regular Contributor, Religion in American History blog, October 2014 – 2018
“Studies on Global Christianity and the American Foreign Policy Historian,” invited post on Religion in American History blog (27 October 2013).
French – reading knowledge
Spanish – reading knowledge